The first and probably the most prominent references to the Sun and the Moon in the Mona Lisa are the two pyramids in the background of the Louvre and del Prado paintings. The masculine pyramid is always the so-called normal, triangle-shaped pyramid, such as the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Aztec city-complex of Teotihuacan in Mexico (Signs & Symbols, 2008).


According to ancient creation myths and hermetic tradition, the feminine part of the All is the masculine part of the All in motion (Three Initiates, 1912). In the case of Mona Lisa’s pyramids, the feminine pyramid is a so-called spiral pyramid. The shape of the spiral portrays the normal pyramid in motion. This effect is familiar to us especially from the study of electricity and explosions. (Image 14. Right)


The second reference to the Sun and the Moon is the skin colour of the Mona Lisas. There is a clear difference between that of the del Prado and the Louvre Mona Lisa: Mona Lisa of Louvre is painted golden as the Sun, whereas the del Prado Mona Lisa is the colour of the Moon. (Image 14. Left)


The bridges, arches and gates

In both Mona Lisas there is a bridge in the background. The symbolism of bridges may represent communication between earthly and divine realms and the transition from one state of being to another (Signs & Symbols, 2008). Leonardo’s two bridges are the symbols of the golden bridge and the silver bridge, which in turn symbolize the golden gate and the silver gate.


“The general early view, however, was that there were two openings—the Gates of the East, and the Gates of the West. Through the one the sun enters in the morning the mundane temple, to pass out at the other in the evening, and thence pursue its way back by the dark path of the underworld.” (Lethaby, 1892)


The bridges consist of three arches in both Mona Lisas. The geometric shape of the three arches, where the middle one is the largest, refers to the three dimensions of the Holy Spirit. The right-side arch is called the Egyptian night-arch of Father-God Nu and it helps to understand the masculine aspect of the Holy Spirit – the knowledge (also Spirit of Truth). The left-side arch is, correspondingly, called the Egyptian day-arch of Ra (or Horus) and it helps to understand the feminine aspect of the Holy Spirit – the Life (also Breath of Life). The middle one, also the largest one, represents the balance of the other two together. This is the Ark of Eternal Life and the Gateway to Heaven.9


9 When comparing this symbolism to human neurology, it will appear as its mirror image. Thus, the left eye of a person is the Night-Ark and the right eye is the Day-Ark or Day-Bark. These are the actual eyes of Horus the Elder.


Leonardo’s bridges with the three arcs refer, again, to ancient Egypt, symbolising the gates through which light enters the temples. The Egyptian tradition says that the Gold and Silver gates show us the places of birth and of death of the stars and people’s souls. Certain pyramidologists’10 claims that the three pyramids of Giza were a terrestrial map of the three stars of Orion's belt indicate that the Great pyramid of Giza was built to mark these two gates in heaven. After all, the stars of Orion were associated with Osiris, the sun-god of rebirth and afterlife in Egypt.


10 E.g. Hancock 1995.


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